Mitochondrial DNA, or mtDNA
Image of Mitochondrial DNA emerging from a mitochondrion (deep red brown and partially sectioned). Mitochondria are small organelles thought to be descended from internalised bacteria.They contain their own DNA (circular like bacterial DNA). Mitochondria in egg cells replicate as the fertilised egg divides and so the next generation carries mtDNA from the mother (not the father, sperm do not contribute any mitochondria during fertilisation). Family trees can be drawn up based on mtDNA.
Illustration ID: Mitochondrial-DNA-1
Illustration size: 16.8 Mpixels (48 MB uncompressed) - 4096x4096 pixels (13.6x13.6 in / 34.7x34.7 cm at 300 ppi)