Vintage Flu Virus
Vintage-style image of an influenza virus particle with outer layers cut away to reveal genetic material. Like a photo from 1918. Flu viruses are covered by spikes of Haemagglutinin (slender knob-like projections) and Neuraminidase (the squarish looking projections), hence the H and N names, such as H5N1 or H1N1. Flu viruses have a segmented genome which can get jumbled up during replication (gene mixing). This allows different strains to easily form from existing types. Flu occurs in seasonal epidemics and periodically as major pandemics.